Composting doesn’t have to be difficult, in fact it is one of the easiest things to do in the world – it is just letting nature do the work. It is cheap to do and helps with recycling so it’s great for the environment as well.
On the most basic level you can start by simply forming a pile of plant cuttings and other organic matter such as vegetable peelings and scraps, lawn clippings and fallen leaves. Place out of the way, in a corner and turn with a garden fork every few days so that the newer material on the top gets mixed in with the older material. This will help to breakdown the material and speed up the decomposition.
Your heap will need to be moist, but not too wet. Covering with a tarp will prevent it from getting too wet and help to keep the moisture in. There are many commercially available compost bins, these come with lids to help with this and can look tidier than a pile. In the summer, if the pile is starting to look too dry then you may need to water it a little.
Your heap will attract worms and other bugs, this is perfectly natural and actually helps with the decomposition. When the compost is ready it can be removed from the bottom of the pile or bin, leaving the unfinished matter towards the top. Mix the compost into the ground to make it more fertile and boost your plants growth.